I filmed my second day needing to get a variety of different cutaway shots i started the day by filming Leo walking into college, i then went to his house with the intention of filming him with his girlfriend, when i got there i took the step of first recording any family photos i could find, then i prepared to film him with his girlfriend, however there was an unexpected occurrence as she was unable to be filmed as her social anxiety was too high to film the interview at the time as she was anxious about being recorded, i, therefore, had to replace this segment of my film with still photos of her with Leo i was given, so although it didn’t go to plan i still managed to have some footage of the two. I also filmed some footage of him with his friends but the quality of the footage was not up to standard as i had used a shoulder mount and the footage was too shaky i, therefore, had to ditch this footage, i have learnt from this i should use a tripod when filming or train with a shoulder mount on how to not let it shake so much.
Audio-When researching how i should record my audio i found that it was important that i ensure that the sensitivity levels are set so that the input is not peaking as this will make the audio inaudible or dangerous for the listener, i, therefore, looked for the best input and found that i wanted a volume of around -12db to -6db as this is loud enough to hear but not too loud as to peak. i experimented with how the sensitivity would affect this and found that the optimum setting was around the number of 6 if i was close to my interviewee, i will need to assess my interview location as there will be different acoustics and ensure that my audio is around this range.
Filming-When researching how i should film a documentary what i found was that depth of field would play a huge part in the look of my piece, a wide depth of field would distract the viewer from Leo due to the background being in focus as much as Leo, whereas a narrow depth of field would put Leo in hard focus and therefore mean that he stands out from the background and the viewer is not distracted from the interviewee. I will, therefore, esnure that my project uses a narrow depth of field by having a large distance from the camera to my subject and then zoom focusing on Leo which will give a narrow depth of field.
Lighting a scene-I researched how to light a scene i found how would be best to light with three lights as this was all that was available for me, i found out i could use my lights to give me a key light as well as fill light, and backlight i found that i could place my key light to the side that Leo would be looking and place my fill light the other side due to it being a lighting kit with the option to lower the brightness which will make it possible for me to have a fill light the same distance as my key. After seeing where i would film my interview i decided that i would not need a backlight and therefore i planned for my shoot with the use of just my key and fill light. The key will be positioned the side Leo is looking the fill will be the other side of the camera.
Documentary Style-My documentary style is a mix of expository and participatory as i have an interview with my contributor making it participatory but i have him explaining an overarching narrative. I find this works for the documentary as i wanted him talking directly to the audience but also to tell the story of leos life.
Inputting Stills-I had a variety of different stills sourced from my interviewee, i had to place these into my project at the points necessary, however, i needed to make changes to the photos as they where below the resolution needed for the project, i, therefore, had to scale the images to make them fit the project. this meant that the image quality went down but i could not fix this and therefore had no choice but to include low-resolution images.
audio levels-I had to change my audio levels due to the fact that there was a difference in levels, i, therefore, had to alter the levels to make it so levels where the same, to do this i had to change the audio gain on my clips so that the lower clips are set to -8db which makes them louder i, therefore, analysed the levels of each clip to make sure they are between -12db and -6db so that no notable difference in audio is present.
Motion effects-I had to add motion effects to my still images so that it did not appear on the screen too long i, therefore, added keyframes on the position making it starting on one position and finish on another. this was done on all still images and made the images look more like footage.
Continuity Editing-I had to ensure that my project maintained continuity as if it did not it would jolt the viewer as they would not be able to follow the action, for instance, i had to ensure that all of my shots were inside the 180 degrees rule as i did not want the right of the project suddenly becoming the left and confusing the viewer of the project. also maintaining the framing of my shots was important as if they changed too rapidly in terms of eye line then the viewer would feel unsettled.
Titles-i had to create titles for my audience to know the name of my project, i also had to ensure that my contributors were credited at the end of the film, i created an opening title sequence which had the words new normal however the word new was written in a normal font whereas normal was stretched to make it look strange and give the viewer a sense that something is warped about the normal of the project, i then used the same font as this for my credits so that there is consistency in the titles.
Structure-I want my documentary to begin with Leo stating his name and what he does for a living as well as talking about his life, I then want the twist of him explaining what exactly happened to him in terms of his transplant. this will shock the viewer as it will act as a sort of a twist then Leo will talk about his fiance so that the audience begins to relate to his life, this will help to make narrative jeopardy of his shorter life more important to the viewer. I want the documentary to end on the reason why his life is meaningful.
Shot list-I want shots of Leo walking into college, Leo getting ready for work, sitting with his girlfriend and photos of him during the process he talked of.
How to shoot an interview-I found that filming an interview can be a hard task I, therefore, researched some tips, I found that I should not give questions beforehand as then answers seem preplanned. Also, i should ask for any other thoughts at the end of the interview so that I can get any insights from Leo I should also ease him into questions by asking simple questions that won’t be hard. I should position my interviewee so that they are looking at the interviewer who is just to the side of the camera on either side this is so that the person is talking into space i should also frame them to the opposite side of whchever way there talking into so that they dont look strange in the shot. Lighting equipment should be set up so that the person looks the best they can hiding things i dont want to show. I also need to have them on eye level so that i can make sure that my interviewee is looking into the viewers eyes.
Blood Sugar Diabetes-Blood Sugar – Type 1 Diabetes Documentary | DocumentaryTube
This documentary has a good use of actuality footage as it shows what the little girl would actually be doing instead of using an interview, we see her living her normal life which is spliced in with people asking about what she hates to give us an idea of how the girl feels, the narrative jeopardy of the piece is how the illness will affect the little girls life, which is addressed by her saying she hates every part of diabetes. I can see from this documentary that I will need to make use of actuality footage to show how leos normal life is.
last minutes with Oden-
Has the interview playing underneath footage of him biking outside contrasting with him talking about his bad period. Then uses actuality footage of him crying on the phone and taking Oden to the vets this helps to show the emotion he has for oden as we see his reactions to his saying goodbye. there is no footage of him doing the interview instead showing him biking which makes it more emotional as we are not seeing him in a studio but instead in his normal environment. This shows me i might need to consider having some footage of him doing something to play under the interview.
Strawberries will save the world-Strawberries Will Save The World by Yoko Okumura
This is a light-hearted documentary which manages to tell a story with the use of one interviewee’s story and use of her family talking about her love of strawberries. The piece also uses actuality footage to show how far Yonos obsession goes with footage from her travelling for strawberries conventions. The documentary does, however, show me that i should ensure my framing is correct as some of the interview shots had yono too close to the centre and made it look awkward therefore i should be careful to not place Leo too close to the centre. i have also been shown by this documentary that as long as i have lots of cutaway shots i can have one interviewee whilst keeping the piece interesting.
This uses footage of the woman being told what’s in the documentary which shows straight away that she is unsure of whether they want to help her or just use her disability to get views, there is no strict interview in the film instead making use of actuality footage of her getting ready for interviews and applying for jobs this helps to give a sense of why she struggles to get jobs as it is very hard for her to apply, there is also some footage where the screen is black which gives an idea of what she sees when people are talking and further highlights how difficult it is for her to get a job. I feel that this shows that could perhaps have a segment where the screen goes black when Leo talks about the comma as this would immerse the viewer in his life.
Leo is a 19-year-old student who lives in Liverpool he attends community college where he studies creative writing, English literature and ICT he hopes to one day become a forensic scientist.
He is engaged to Chloe Pritchard who is also pregnant with his daughter.
The Sony nx-5 is an industry standard camcorder which allows for the filming of video in resolutions up to 1920 by 1080. It has the option to film simultaneously in both HD and sd thanks to its dual sd card slot. It has two mic inputs which allow high-quality audio to filmed and synced with the footage instantly which makes it easier for editing as there is no need to sync the footage with sound.
On my second day of editing I needed to make sure that my footage was to the best possible quality and that it did not have any pieces that slowed it down.
I checked each piece of footage and cut out any unneeded pieces.
All of my recorded footage had been recorded at good quality with a high volume that meant the audio was clear and hearable however it was only recored on one channel I therefore I had to change this, I changed the channels so that both channels where the same I therefore lost the annoying buzz that was in the background of my clips. I also had to alter the audio gain on my clips as some where louder than others and I had to have consistent levels.
I therefore higher’d up various clips by changing the sound peaks to -8db which made the peaks higher, and therefore gave them consistency as each clip was able to reach the same higher levels of other clips and gave the audio reliable levels. After theses changes there was no notable difference in each clips sound.